Information on Native Students
The following are demographics and statistics about our American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations and students. NIEA encourages utilizing statistics and education data to make informed decision leading to improved education systems serving Native students.
Notes: AI/AN refers to American Indian and Alaska Native. NHOPI refers to Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. “Alone” means not in combination with any other race. “In combination” means in combination with at least one other race.
Note: AI/AN = American Indian and Alaska Native
- The American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) population from birth through age 24 makes up 42% of the total AI/AN population, whereas the under-25 population for the United States is only 34% of the total population (2010 Census) (1)
- AI/AN students make up 1.2% of public school students nationally (2)
- There are approximately 644,000 AI/AN students in the U.S. K-12 system (3)
- About 90% of all AI/AN students attend regular public schools and about 8% attend schools administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (4)
- States where AI/AN students compose the largest proportions of the total student populations: Alaska (27%), Oklahoma (19%), Montana (11%), New Mexico (11%), and South Dakota (11%) (5)
- In the 2007-2008 school year, there were 741 public schools located in AI/AN areas, with 82,406 AI/AN students (6)
- In the 2005-2006 school year, there were 181 BIE schools with a total AI/AN student population of 50,155 (7)
- 52% of AI/AN students attended schools in the 2003–04 school year where half or fewer of the students were White (8)
- In 2009, 68 percent of AI/AN fourth graders were eligible for free-or reduced-price lunch (9)
- 61% of AI/AN eighth graders attend schools where more than half of the students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch (10)
- In the 2007–08 school year, 28% of AI/AN students attended a high-poverty public elementary school, compared to only 5% of White students (11)
- In public schools with high AI/AN enrollment, only 16% of teachers are AI/AN (12)
- Though 23% Alaska public school students are Alaska Native, just 5% of the teachers are. (13)
- Only 67% of Native students graduate from high school. (14)
- Native students are expelled and suspended from schools at higher rates than their white counterparts. (15)
- Native students are more likely to be labeled special needs. (16)
- U.S. Census Bureau
- Status and trends in the education of American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2008 (NCES 2008-084). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
- U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), “Local Education Agency Universe Survey,” 2007-2008.
- U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), “Local Education Agency Universe Survey,” 2005-2006. BIE data were not collected in 2006-2007 or 2007-2008 school years.
- Orfield, G., and C. Lee. 2005. Why Segregation Matters: Poverty and Educational Inequality. Cambridge, MA: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University.
- Aud, S., Fox, M., and KewalRamani, A. (2010). Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups (NCES 2010-015). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
- U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Statistics. National Indian Education Study, Part II: The educational experiences of fourth and eighth-grade American Indian and Alaska Native students (NCES 2008-458). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
- U.S.Department of Education, National Center for Statistics. The Condition of Education 2010 (NCES 2010-028). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
- Manuelito, K. 2003. Building a Native Teaching Force: Important Considerations. Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education (ERIC ED482324).
- Alaska State Board of Education and Early Development, Supporting the Alaska Accountability Plan to Meet the No Child Left Behind Act, Resolution 01-2003 (Juneau, AK: Author; McDowell Group, 2003); Alaska Native Education Study: A Statewide Study of Alaska Native Values and Opinions Regarding Education in Alaska (Juneau, AK: Author, 2001).
- Marie C. Stetser & Robert Stillwell, National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education, Public High School Four-Year On-Time Graduation Rates and Eventual Dropout Rates: School Years 2010-11 & 2011-12 at 7-10 (April 2014), at http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2014/
- The Condition of Education 2016